This article discussing Vermentino Wine taste, characteristics and food pairings is part of our grape variety series. Learn about wine grape varieties – both unique and common.
Vermentino Wine Guide
Quite possibly one of our favorite summer grape varieties, the Vermentino grape expresses a beautifully refined, light citrus and tree fruit personality. Vermentino is a thin skinned white wine grape. It thrives in warmer climate regions, due to its tendency to ripen quite late in the growing season. The most striking and natural styles of Vermentino wine are typically un-oaked, where they’re able to give off delightful mineral notes in addition to an abundance of other flavors.
Fans of Italian Pinot Gris will likely be intrigued by Vermentino. Luckily for us, this grape variety is incredibly easy to grow, in that it’s resistant to both drought and disease.
Vermentino Origins & Growing Regions
For a long time, there’s been debate as to where this grape variety was born and raised. Today, thanks to improved methods for DNA testing, the general consensus is that Vermentino likely originated in Italy (PDF). Specifically, within the Liguria region, where it’s known as Pigato. However, other analyses point towards Hungary, where the grape is known as Furmint. The question at this time comes down to one thing – which came first?
Vermentino wines today are grown in both Old and New World regions. One of the more popular Old World terms you may already recognize is Rolle, which is the designation given to Vermentino grown throughout Provence and Languedoc-Roussillon in Southeastern France.
It’s also grown extensively throughout Italy, within Gallura, Liguria, Piedmont and the neighboring Italian islands of Corsica and Sardinia (Sardegna). Some of the best tasting Vermentino will come from these maritime areas, where it can grow at elevation and bathe in consistent bright sunlight. Coastal Vermentino grown in calcareous soil while being complimented by salty sea breezes expresses beautiful tree fruit, refreshing acid and chalky mineral tones.
In the New World, Vintners are also finding success with this thin-skinned grape variety as long as the growing season remains warm, bright and long. Producers based in both Lodi, California, along with those located in the up-and-coming region of Hill Country, Texas – are both producing refined and expressive Vermentino varietal wines.
Vermentino Wine Taste & Aroma Profile
It’s important to note that while Vermentino is traditionally a lighter-bodied, upbeat citrus & tree fruit based wine, it’s not always this consistent. Depending on where it’s grown and how it’s crafted, it can also exhibit richer characteristics. For instance, in Bolgheri, Tuscany – along the coast – grapes are exposed at length to both skins and lees. Compounded with barrel aging, these wine-making techniques will yield a bigger body and big hints of green apple pie.
Some producers use this grape to produce sweet white blends as well. Below, we’ll lay out some of the more prevalent tasting notes for Vermentino.
Common Flavors and Aromas
- Fruit: Varied (Tree, Citrus) – Pear, Grapefruit, Green Melon, Lime-peel, Granny Apple
- Earth & Mineral Notes: Limestone, Clay, Tumbleweed, Dry Maple Leaf
- Additional Complexities: Dry Forest Floor, Geranium, Fresh Ginger, Walnut
- Body: Light-Medium
- Sugar: Dry (More often that not)
- Tannins: Low
- Acid: Medium Plus
- Alcohol: Medium Minus – Medium (11.0%-12.5% ABV)
- Finish: Short – Medium
- Soil: Limestone, Clay, Calcareous Silt
- Climate: Warm – Hot – Mediterranean – Maritime
- Notable Regions: Liguria, Italy | Provence, France | Gallura, Italy | Tuscany, Italy | Fredericksburg, Texas | Lodi, California | Sardinia, Italy | Corsica, Italy | Languedoc-Roussillon, France | Piedmont, Italy | Côtes du Loberont, Rhone, France
Vermentino Food Pairing Ideas
Vermentino is the perfect wine to pair alongside fresh seafood. Anything from raw oysters in lemon butter, to white wine marinated grouper. Sushi, especially white fish or tempura shrimp, is an incredible pairing idea. Richer Vermentino is ideal to pair alongside chicken and pasta. Checkout some of our favorite Vermentino food pairing recipes and meal ideas below.
Cook it as a dish or throw this ingenious concoction in a taco. Just make sure you’re pairing this plate alongside a maritime grown Vermentino from the Old World.
My all time favorite fish, try to snag a fresh filet of grouper if you live by the water in the Southeastern United States. Serve it up alongside a Vermentino from Liguria.
Checkout this delicious sushi roll, or substitute the shrimp with strips of Yellow Tail.
Shrimp, Mango & Mint-based egg rolls, these are a healthy hit and great appetizer concept.
Vegetarian? This recipe has the perfect combination of flavors to be enjoyed as an appetizer alongside any lively Vermentino. Will work equally as well with oaked or sweet versions as well!
Arguably one of the best possible pairings for herbaceous, fuller-bodied Vermentino, this Chicken Pesto Pasta recipe will knock your guests socks off.