Discover New Zealand and its Unique Wine Growing Regions
New Zealand is divided into two parts. The North Island, which is slightly warmer and has a large population when compared to its Southerly neighbor.
And the South Island, which is a bit cooler and is home to some of the more famed New Zealand wine growing appellations.
As a whole, the country of New Zealand resides in the Southern Hemisphere, which means that harvest time here is done between the months of February and April, depending on grape variety and specific micro-climates.
It’s important to note that there are more than 7 wine growing regions within New Zealand. However today, we wanted to highlight some of the more picturesque and unique regions that are more than worth a visit if you make it all the way down to this relatively remote country.
All told, there are about 700 wineries throughout the entire country spread across 13 unique wine growing appellations. The majority of vineyards are located near the coast, where cooler summers and mild winters offer long sunny days with cooling night temperatures that are conducive to providing a long growing season. Long growing seasons and slow ripening aid in producing more complex wines that New Zealand has begun to become so famous for.
While the country produces a wide range of grape varieties, Sauvignon Blanc has attracted the most world-wide attention.
Now that you have a quick background on geography and climate, let’s dive into 7 of our favorite New Zealand wine regions!
Top 5 Wine Regions to Visit in New Zealand
Probably the most famous New Zealand wine region to the international wine consumer community, Marlborough is known for producing fantastic Sauvignon Blanc, but it also accounts for upwards of 77% of all wine production in New Zealand. Pinot Noir and Chardonnay are also grown in earnest throughout the region and are growing in notoriety. Given that Marlborough, and most of New Zealand for that matter, has really only become a prominent wine producing region within the last couple of decades, I’d say there’s something special occurring here.
Marlborough is tucked away in the far Northeastern corner of New Zealand’s South Island, and it’s here where beautiful vineyard properties are beset beneath the towering mountain ranges within the Hinterlands to the North and South. In the heart of the region, lowland valleys offer ideal soil compositions and temperate weather for growing concentrated and consistent red and white wines. To the North and East, picturesque coastline and small islands dot Marlborough’s sounds just off shore.
All told, Marlborough really is one of the more geographically diverse wine regions in New Zealand, which affords Vintners an opportunity to harvest and produce wine here that is completely unique to New Zealand in terms of aromatics and flavor.
Fun Marlborough Fact: Marlborough was rated the sunniest region in New Zealand in 2015!
Not far from Marlborough lies Nelson on the Northern end of New Zealand’s South Island. In terms of wine production, Nelson is characterized by two distinct regional geographies. Its rolling hills and sheltered plains both offer varied styles of fine, New World wine. Sauvignon Blanc also reigns king here, followed by Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. In addition, aromatic varieties such as Pinot Gris, Riesling and Gewürztraminer are grown in smaller concentrations.
Aside from a beautiful landscape and climate, Nelson offers wine enthusiasts a personal, more intimate wine tourism experience. You can traverse the countryside of this beautiful, relatively uncrowded place where the wine producers themselves are happy to show you their vines and give you a taste of their wines. Explore vineyard cafe’s and coastal, nautical themed mom-and-pop restaurants with delightfully fresh seafood and Sauvignon Blanc.
Click here to download a Guide to the Wine Region of Nelson and the wineries you can visit.
Fun Nelson Facts: Nelson and Marlborough are actively competing for sunniest regions in New Zealand! It’s also well known for its arts and cultural scene, beautiful beaches and sunsets.
Central Otago is quickly becoming one of New Zealand’s premier wine growing regions. Originally, it was better known for Cherry and Apricot growing. Today, it’s best known for producing gorgeous Pinot Noir and refined Rosé versions of the same grape. Given its cooler climate, Pinot Gris, Riesling and Chardonnay plantings are on the rise as well.
Aside from the quality of fruit coming out of Central Otago, it offers one of the most dramatic landscapes given its proximity to mountain ranges.
Hawke’s Bay is New Zealand’s second largest and oldest wine producing region. Given its central location on the Eastern shore of New Zealand’s North Island, Hawke’s Bay offers a climate and Terroir that is conducive to producing a wider range of grape varieties. In fact, Bordeaux-style red blends are produced in very good quality here due to the similar climate. Merlot, Malbec and Cabernet Sauvignon is grown, in addition to Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Syrah and Pinot Gris. On a smaller scale, producers in Hawke’s Bay are also discovering the potential of aromatic grape varieties like Viognier and Spanish varieties such as Tempranillo.
Aside from wine production, fertile land and an elevated sunny climate have also helped Hawke’s Bay to distinguish itself as a quality fruit producing area.
Waikato and the Bay of Plenty region of New Zealand is located centrally on the North Island. Waikato is actually a relatively small wine producing region, though quality is just now becoming more recognized and plantings are increasing every year. Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Cabernet Sauvignon are all produced here.
But wine isn’t the reason why we’re listing Waikato as one of the most beautiful wine regions in New Zealand, it’s the natural aspects — both above and below ground — that made it an easy decision to include the region on this list.
Above ground, rolling hills and pristine farmland dot the region, making it an ideal location for a beautiful road trip. Themed gardens also beautiful and dot the region. On the West Coast of Waikato, be sure to stop by the town of Raglan, best known for its surfing.
If the above isn’t enough, did you know that Waikato is also the location of The Shire in Lord of the Rings? You heard that correctly. Waikato is the home of Hobbiton, one of the shooting locations for The Shire for The Lord of the Rings and Hobbit movies.
Also within Waikato and South of Hamilton – New Zealand’s fourth largest city, travelers can explore an underground cavern system unlike any in the world. Tours are offered by barge, where you can cruise in silence past stalagmites and stalactites beneath the surface.
Just a short 35 minute ferry ride from Auckland, New Zealand, Waiheke Island offers travelers a chance to deviate from the inland epicness of the country. Not only is Waiheke a beautiful island getaway, there are wineries on the island as well. Roughly 12 wineries can be found across Waiheke, and there’s a lively artsy scene and quaint cafe lineup you can enjoy and relax with a cup of coffee as you inhale the nearby Pacific sea breeze. Don’t forget to stroll the beautiful beaches and take a look at the olive groves as well!
A uniquely quaint and nautical feel emanates from Wairarapa in New Zealand. Located just a short distance from downtown Wellington on the North Island, Wairarapa is made up of three sub-regions — Martinborough, Gladstone and Masterton. Wairarapa is actually a Maori term, which translates directly to “glistening waters” — as if you needed another reason to visit.
While Wairarapa makes up a mere 3% of all vineyard plantings in New Zealand, a consistent climate and soil composition lends to beautiful Pinot Noir, Syrah and Sauvignon Blanc. Dessert wines of premium quality are also being produced here.